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Power Feeders – Power Feeders for Woodworking

Feeders are like highways for electricity, connecting power sources like generating stations or substations to where the electricity is needed. Unlike distributors, feeders don’t have any branches or tapping points along their length. This means that the amount of electricity flowing through them remains constant from start to finish. Whether at the sending end (where it starts) or the receiving end (where it ends), the current stays the same. Engineers design feeders based on how much current they can carry safely.

The size of the power feeder conductor depends on how much current it needs to handle. Since feeders are all about carrying current, they need to be able to handle a lot of it. This is crucial for transporting power from the source to where it’s needed. That’s why the conductor needs to have a high current carrying capacity.


Distributors, on the other hand, are like the neighborhood streets of the electricity system. They branch out from the feeders and supply power to multiple places, like homes and businesses.

Unlike feeders, distributors have varying loads along their length. This means the amount of electricity flowing through them changes depending on where you are. To keep things running smoothly, engineers design distributors with an eye on how much voltage drop they can handle. This is important for making sure the voltage stays steady throughout the system.

The goal is to keep the voltage at the consumer’s end within a certain range, usually around +/-6 volts. Distributors also supply power to service mains, which then distribute electricity to individual consumers.

In summary, feeders focus on carrying current efficiently, while distributors prioritize maintaining a steady voltage to meet consumer needs.

Types of Power Feeders

Radial Feeders:

Radial feeders are a basic and cost-effective way to distribute electricity, typically used when the generating stations or substations are centrally located among consumers. In this setup, the feeders radiate out from the source and connect to the distributors at one end. This means electricity flows in one direction, from the source to the consumers.

However, there’s a drawback with radial feeders: if there’s a fault anywhere along the line, it can disrupt power supply to multiple customers. To address this issue, parallel feeders are used.

Parallel Feeder:

Parallel feeders provide a solution to the problem of interrupted supply in radial feeders. Here, multiple lines run parallel to each other. If one line encounters a fault, the others continue supplying power, ensuring uninterrupted service. However, this setup increases costs due to the need for more feeder lines. Parallel feeders are particularly useful for handling heavy loads.

Ring Main:

In a ring main feeder system, reliability is similar to that of parallel feeders. This setup is commonly used in urban and industrial areas. The distribution transformers are connected to two feeders, creating a ring-like structure. This means power can flow in either direction around the ring. If a fault occurs, the affected section can be isolated using circuit breakers, while power continues to flow through the rest of the ring. This setup minimizes disruptions for consumers and provides redundancy in case of faults.

Interconnected Systems:

Interconnected systems take the concept of ring feeders a step further. Here, the ring feeder is energized by multiple substations or generating stations. This creates a network of interconnected distribution lines. If there’s a transmission failure at one station, the system can continue operating using power from the other stations. This setup ensures continuous power supply even in the event of failures.

Power Feeders for Woodworking

Power feeders for woodworking are mechanical devices used to assist in feeding wood through machinery such as table saws, shapers, and jointers. They consist of a set of feed rollers that grip the wood and move it forward at a consistent rate, ensuring smooth and uniform cuts.

These feeders are particularly useful when working with large or heavy pieces of wood, as they help prevent kickback and ensure precise feeding, reducing the risk of accidents and improving overall safety in the workshop.

Power feeders come in various sizes and configurations to accommodate different types of woodworking machinery and projects. Some models can be mounted directly onto the machinery, while others are freestanding units that can be adjusted and positioned as needed.

They are equipped with adjustable speed controls, allowing woodworkers to set the feeding rate according to the specific requirements of the job. This ensures optimal performance and helps achieve the desired results with greater accuracy and efficiency.

Overall, power feeders are indispensable tools for woodworkers looking to improve productivity, enhance safety, and achieve consistent, high-quality results in their woodworking projects.


How to select a Power Feeder?

When selecting a power feeder, consider factors such as:

  1. Compatibility with your woodworking machinery.
  2. Required feeding speed and capacity.
  3. Available space in your workshop.
  4. Budget constraints.

Desired features such as adjustable speed controls and mounting options.

Which Power Feeders are recommended for feeding shorter stock?

For feeding shorter stock, consider power feeders with smaller rollers and a compact design. These feeders are often more maneuverable and can handle shorter pieces of wood with greater ease. Look for models specifically designed for smaller stock or adjustable feeders that can accommodate various lengths.

How to purchase Co-Matic’s products?

You can purchase Co-Matic’s products through their official website or authorized distributors. Visit their website to browse their product catalog, find detailed product information, and place orders online. Alternatively, contact Co-Matic directly for assistance with purchasing their products or locating a nearby distributor.

Where to mount a Power Feeder on a shaper?

The specific mounting location for a power feeder on a shaper may vary depending on the feeder model and the design of the shaper. However, in general, power feeders are typically mounted on the outfeed side of the shaper table. This allows the feeder to grip the wood as it exits the cutting area and guide it safely away from the machine. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and recommendations for the proper mounting procedure for your specific power feeder and shaper combination.

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